As many European countries continue to ease their lockdowns, beach resorts in Italy are gearing up for a Covid-secure 2020 season.
Face masks, hand sanitiser and more space between sun-loungers are being put in place.
One-way systems to enter and exit beaches, as well as food deliveries direct to sunbathers, are also being considered.
One beach resort owner, 84-year-old Arnaldo Valentini, has lived through a series of events which threatened his livelihood.
Video produced by Trystan Young, filmed by Elisabetta Zavoli.